COUNTRY PROFILE

Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria (without a coastline).  The capital of the country surrounded by the Carpathian Basin, Budapest is one of the most beautiful cities with a population of more than 2.5 million (agglomeration included).

Hungary is a member of the European Union, the OECD, the CIPA, the Schengen Area, the Visegrád Group, NATO and WTO. Its history is one of the richest European histories, and the country gave a lot of geniuses to the science world.

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Hungary

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Most important information about Hungary:

  • capital: Budapest
  • official language: Hungarian
  • currency: HUF (Forint)
  • area: 93030 km2
  • population: 9,9 million
  • density: 107,2/ km2
  • GDP: 225.285 billion (57th)
  • calling code: +36
  • date format: yyyy/mm/dd
  • Highest point: Kékes, 1014 m
  • government: constitutional republic (Third Republic from 23 October 1989)
  • Number of national parks: 10 (plus 145 minor reserves and 35 landscape protection areas)
  • economy: medium-sized, upper-middle-income, open economy
  • religion: Christianity
  • electricity: 220/230V
  • Time Zone: GMT +1 (CET)
  • Hungarian cuisine: Goulash (soup), tejföl (sour cream), paprika powder (pepper powder), chicken paprikash, pörkölt (stew), vadas (game stew), Dobos cake, strudels, Gundel pancake, dumplings from Somló, pálinka (fruit brandy)
  • important areas: Lake Balaton, Great Hungarian Plain, Tokaj-Hegyalja, Transdanubia, Little Hungarian Plain, Börzsöny, Mecsek
  • Hungary is a land of thermal water, therefore the spa culture is big in the country (Hungary has an estimated 1300 thermal springs)
  • Media: MTVA (national broadcast), RTL, TV2
  • Sport: Hungary has won a total of 476 medals at the Summer Olympic Games (All-Time Medal Standings: Hungary is 11th with 159 gold medal)
  • World Heritage Sites: Budapest (including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle and Andrássy Avenue), Caves of Aggtelek, early Christian Necropolis of Pécs, Lake Fertő, Hortobágy Naitonal Park (the Puszta), Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma, old village of Hollókő, Tokaj Wine Region

 

Tourism in Hungary:

  • Hungary is one of the Top15 tourist destinations in the world
  • tourist season: from April through October
  • most important touristic opportunities: hiking, spas, sightseeing
  • according to 2013 data: 13.6 million foreign tourists visited Hungary (non-tourist visitors: 28 million)Tourism in Hungary

 

Climate of Hungary:

  • Hungary has a continental climate (cold winters and warm/hot summers)
  • average annual temperature: 100C (in summer 27 to 350C, in winter 0 to -150C)
  • average yearly rainfall: 600 mm
  • rainiest months: May, June, November
  • number of hours of sunshine per year: 1900-2500 (from April to September more than 10 hours a day)

 

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Availability:

  • Wien – within 1 hour
  • Munich – little more than 1 hour
  • Paris – 2 hours
  • London – 2,5 hours
  • Madrid/Lisbon – 3 hours
  • Moscow – 3 hours
  • Beijing – 9 hours
  • New York – 9-10 hours
  • Bangkok – 12 hours
  • Los Angeles – 15-18 hours

 

From most of the countries Hungary can be visited with a passport or an ID card (from EU).

Visa required countries: Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, South Africa, Egypt, Ecuador, Philippines, Georgia, India, Iran, Yemen, Cambodia, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Colombia, Cuba, Laos, Morocco, Moldova, Mongolia, Russia, Armenia, Peru, Thailand, Turkey, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam

 

Transport in Hungary:

  • transfer_satu_mare_budapest_airport3 big airport (Budapest, Debrecen, Hévíz), 2 minor (Győr-Pér and Pécs-Pogány)
  • almost all big cities are approachable by train (Hungarian railway system is MÁV; biggest stations are in Budapest: Keleti, Nyugati and Déli)
  • Budapest have tram networks, 4 underground metro system and a commuter rail system
  • total length of motorway: 1314 km

 

 

Famous Hungarian inventions:

  • noiseless match (János Irinyi)
  • electric motor (Ányos Jedlik)
  • carburetor for the stationary engine (Donát Bánki and János Csonka)
  • modern transformer (Ottó Bláthy, Miksa Déri and Károly Zipernowsky)
  • telephone exchange (Tivadar Puskás)
  • Vitamin C (Albert Szent-Györgyi)
  • plasma television (Kálmán Tihanyi)
  • nuclear chain reaction (Leó Szilárd)
  • holography (Dennis Gábor)
  • ballpoint pen (László Bíró)
  • hydrogen bomb (Ede Teller)
  • Rubik’s Cube (Ernő Rubik)
  • and by the way, the English word „coach” comes from the name of a Hungarian village, Kocs (and kocsi means a wagon from Kocs, because the first coaches were made in this area)